You have a new furry member in your family?
Now you need to take care of a few aspects that can meet the unique needs of your pet based not only on their breed and lifestyle, but also on their development needs as they grow older! Before everything, make sure you have all the information you need!
In this article you can find information about:
• Routine check-ups;
• Preventive Care Plans;
• Monitoring for potential health problems;
• Wellness Blood Testing;
• Other Screening tests: Urinalysis, Electrocardiogram (ECG), Digital Radiology, Thyroxine (T4), Other Specific Tests (Pancreatic, Gamma-Glutamyl Transferase) and Feline Specific Tests.
Your routine for regular check-ups:
✔ First year of life → Your pet must have appointments for health check-ups + deworming/ fleas&ticks treatments + vaccination scheme + microchipping . Time frame intervals must be discussed with your local vet!
✔ Between 1– 9 years of life→ Check-ups every 6 months or at least annual check-ups.
✔ 10+ years of life -> check-ups every year minimum.
Preventative care is just as important for pets as it is for humans!
An early diagnosis can extend your pets’ life! What do you need to know for a regular wellness prevention care at home:
✔ Daily healthy feeding;
✔ Daily teeth brushing ;
✔ Monthly heartworm prevention ;
✔ Monthly fleas & ticks prevention ;
✔ Worming prevention every 3 – 4 months or biannual fecal intestinal parasites test;
✔ Annual wellness check-ups + blood tests ;
✔ Annual booster.
Monitoring for potential health problems
When you take your pet(s) for testing, each year, we can track subtle changes more effectively, since your last visit. This can improve our ability to detect subtle changes in values, even if they are normal the first time. Such is that we can more easily diagnose some diseases. If we can spot any sort of problems at the earliest stage possible, we can start a plan to prevent or treat any disease. The more information we can obtain through the consultations, the better we can help you and your loved one!
🐾Pediatrics and young paws. It is important for puppies and kittens to be brought for vet visits as early in life as possible.
This helps them receive regular health checks, vaccinations and screening for parasitic or congenital conditions.
Blood testing can be used as a preventive measure and provides vital information about your loved one’s well being. Information like this will later be useful for assessing health issues and anesthetic safety.
🐾Seniors. There is no specific age at which a dog or cat becomes senior.
Individual pets age at different rates due to lifestyle, diet, exercise, and regular veterinary care.
Generally, cats and small dogs are considered seniors aged 8-9.
Dogs from larger breeds are considered senior around the age of 7.
A physical examination and diagnostic testing will provide important information about your pet’s overall health and detect diseases or conditions earlier. Based on the findings, we can provide you with recommendations for nutrition, dental care, vaccinations, heartworm prevention, flea & tick prevention, pain management, as well as recommendations specifically tailored for your paws’ needs.
Wellness Blood Testing. Why blood work is so important
Chemistry and hematology blood tests provide an insight to your pet`s health. While a physical examination is vital, there are many conditions that cannot be diagnosed by looking, listening and touching.
Simple and affordable chemistry and hematology blood tests can provide a quick way for us to give you detailed medical information. Chemistry and electrolyte blood tests provide useful indicators for organ system function and fluid balance.
🐾Haematology blood tests provide a detailed look at blood cells.
- The complete blood count (CBC) is a test that provides measurements of red blood cells, white blood cells and platelets. The CBC is an important tool that can detect conditions such as anemia, leukemia and other blood disorders as well as assess stress levels, inflammation, infection and blood clotting capabilities.
- Red Blood Cells (RBCs) carry oxygen to the tissues of the body and transport carbon dioxide to be exhaled by the lungs. Anemia results when RBCs are not present in sufficient numbers. Determination of anemia is vital.
- White Blood Cells (WBCs) provide information about your pet`s immune system and overall health. Base-line levels within normal limits are very important to determine the importance of changes seen with infections or inflammation.
- Platelets are important to evaluate the ability of blood to clot. All of these values can be affected by many different diseases and infections. Adequate numbers must be present to prevent or stop bleeding. Performing and identifying clotting issues is essential prior to any surgical procedure .
🐾Top reasons to make a blood test for your loved one before anaesthesia procedures:
- Peace of mind. Testing can significantly reduce health risks.
- Potentially hidden problems. Healthy looking pets may be hiding symptoms of a disease or ailment. Testing helps us avoid problems with anaesthesia.
- Reduce risks. If the pre-anaesthetic testing results are normal, we can proceed with confidence. If not, we can alter the anaesthetic procedure or take other precautions to keep your pet out of harm’s way.
- Guard your pet’s future health. These tests become part of your pet’s medical record, providing a base-line for future reference.
Other Screening tests:
A urinalysis is a test which evaluates the physical and chemical composition of your pet’s urine.
We use an “Urine Strip Test” and a Refractometer to reveal the needed results. These results may reveal abnormalities with the urinary system, kidney function and could detect the presence of diabetes. If an abnormality is noted, we may recommend further testing such as blood tests, ultrasound or x-ray of the bladder.
🐾 Electrocardiogram (ECG)
ECG detects heart rate and electrical rhythm.
Certain abnormal rhythms and heart rates can represent high risks to animals undergoing anaesthesia.
🐾 Digital Radiology
X-rays provide us with a high resolution image of the bony structures and internal organs (lungs, heart, liver, pancreas, kidneys, bladder, digestive tract, soft tissues) of your pet.
We will examine your pet’s x-ray results carefully for arthritis, tumors, cancer, organ composition, and other abnormalities.
🐾 Thyroxine (Total T4 test)
An endocrinology test. This measurement indicates the level of thyroid hormone circulating in the blood.
Thyroid disease occurs in both dogs and cats, and can have a serious impact on health if left untreated. Testing is especially important in cats older than seven years.
🐾 Blood pressure
We are looking for the same indicators as your doctor.
High blood pressure (hypertension) or low blood pressure (hypotension) are both indicators of an underlying illness.
We may recommend other diagnostic tests to determine the cause of any abnormality.
Other Specific Tests
- Pancreatic: Elevated Canine Pancreatic Lipase (cPL) and Feline Pancreatic Lipase (fPL), along with clinical assessment can help determine whether patients have pancreatitis, a potentially serious condition.
- Gamma-Glutamyl Transferase (GCT) Increases in GGT, a liver enzyme, are a measure of cholestasis.
Feline Specific Tests
- Feline Immunodeficiency Virus (FIV) and Feline Leukaemia Virus (FeLV). FIV and FeLV infection are two of the most serious, life-threatening illnesses in cats.
⚠ Always ask for veterinary advice! Keep yourself informed in order to keep your paws healthy!